An introduction to systematic reviews of prognosis and prognostic factors

Topic category Other methods for preparing systematic reviews
Date and Location
Date: 
Tuesday 2 October 2012 - 13:30 - 15:00
Location: 
Methods Group
Methods Group: 
Prognosis Methods Group
Contact persons and facilitators
Contact person Affiliation Country
Greta Ridley (Contact this person) Cochrane Prognosis Methods Group Australia
Facilitator Affiliation Country
Carl Moons Julius Center, UMC Utrecht Netherlands
Katrina Williams Cochrane Collaboration Steering Group; Cochrane Child Health Field; Cochrane Prognosis Methods Group; Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group Australia
Greta Ridley Cochrane Prognosis Methods Group Australia
Other contributors
First nameLast nameAffiliation and Country
First name: 
Jill
Last name: 
Hayden
Affiliation and Country: 
Prognosis Methods Group, Canada
First name: 
Richard
Last name: 
Riley
Affiliation and Country: 
Prognosis Methods Group, England
First name: 
Doug
Last name: 
Altman
Affiliation and Country: 
Prognosis Methods Group, England
First name: 
Sue
Last name: 
Woolfenden
Affiliation and Country: 
Prognosis Methods Group, Australia
Target audience
Target audience: 
Review authors with an interest in learning about prognosis systematic reviews
Is your workshop restricted to a specific audience or open to all Colloquium participants?: 
Open
Level of knowledge required: 
Basic
Type of workshop
Type of workshop: 
Training
Abstract text
Abstract: 
Objectives:
This workshop will introduce participants to systematic reviews of prognosis and prognostic studies. We will discuss challenges with this type of review and help participants formulate a prognostic review question. We will introduce methods and resources for conducting a systematic review of prognostic studies using published examples and exercises.

Description:
Prognosis is a description of the probable course or prediction of the outcome of a health condition over time. Characteristics or factors associated with, or determining, the course of a health condition are an important consideration for prognosis. Healthcare professionals may use prognostic information to educate or inform the management of their patients. Prognostic evidence requires systematic and transparent synthesis similiar to research on the effectiveness of interventions. There are several challenges unique to prognostic reviews, although basic principles to reduce bias and random error are similar. This workshop will discuss three related prognosis questions:
• ‘What is the most likely course of this health condition?’ (average/overall prognosis);
• ‘What factors are associated with, or determine outcome?’ (prognostic factors); and
• ‘Are there risk groups who are likely to have different outcomes?’ (prognostic prediction models).
We will introduce methods and resources for planning a systematic review of prognostic studies.